Fully bone anchored denture in maxilla can cause problems in phonation. This is due to space between prosthesis and the residual tissues. The use of artificial gingiva resolves phonetic problems due to this space.
Artificial gingiva can be fabricated using a direct sprinkle-on technique with self-cure resin. It can also be done by doing a wax-up and processing with heat-cured resin or silicon material. Artificial gingiva, also known as gum pad, is placed labially between the prosthesis and residual tissues. The artificial gingiva should be cleaned following methods for a removable denture.