One study in Korea, describes the use of autogenous demineralized dentin matrix as material for repair of various alveolar bone defect. According to the study, several cases of tooth and alveolar bone loss were treated with titanium implants with demineralized dentin matrix as bone grafts.
Wounds were classified:
1. Guided Bone Regeneration with demineralized dentin matrix powder.
2. One or two wall repair with root form.
3. Volume or anatomic defect repair with root on.
4. Socket preservation.
The organic component of dentin, which accounts mainly 20% of dentin weight is mainly type I collagen. Type I collagen is a component of bone. Dentin also contains bone morphogentic proteins (BMP), which promote the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into chondrocytes and thus enhace bone formation. The interest of study is if teeth extracted from patients could be recylced as biomaterial for autologous bone grafting, this would represent a safe and noninvasive implant option, which would be associated with a minimal risk of rejection and infection.
Affordable Dental Implants – http://affordabledentalimplants.org/